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Integrated therapy approach for children with autism spectrum disorder: case of Mombasa County, Kenya

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dc.contributor.author Macmbinji, Vincent O.
dc.contributor.author Hadi, Nassim Salim
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-11T09:52:04Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-11T09:52:04Z
dc.date.issued 2019
dc.identifier.issn 2523-2800
dc.identifier.uri https://repo.umma.ac.ke/handle/123456789/42
dc.description.abstract The focus of this study was integrated therapy approach for children with autism spectrum disorder. Autism spectrum disorder is a critical issue in as far as its diagnoses and management are concerned. Lack of early diagnoses and intervention makes a mockery of the stated developmental milestones that the children with autism are supposed to achieve. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate integrated therapy approach for children with autism spectrum disorder in Mombasa County, Kenya. The sample size comprised 60 parents of children with autism spectrum disorder, 40 children with autism spectrum disorder and 20 occupational therapists. The total sample was one hundred (120) participants. The sample size was determined using specific random sampling methods. Data collected was done using questionnaires, an observation guide. Questionnaires were distributed to parents of children with autism spectrum disorder who are also members of Unleashing Potential in Autism (UPIA) whereas the observation guide was used to check the frequency of behaviours. Data collected was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. SPSS was used in analyzing quantitative data. The qualitative data was informative in explaining and clarifying the quantitative data from questionnaires. Results of data analysis were presented using frequency distribution tables, bar graphs, and pie charts. The study established that social and communication, disruptive and stereotypic behaviours were the most prevalent behaviour among children with autism spectrum disorder. Stigmatization and discrimination from the community were found to be the major factors leading to low perception of parents with children with autism. There was emphasis on the use of swings, trampoline and Picture Exchange Communication System as an integrated therapy technique. Lack of support from the government, financial constraints and adequate equipment were the main challenges faced in implementation of integrated therapy approach. The study recommends that Ministry of Education Science & Technology in collaboration with Ministry of Health to conduct an awareness campaign on integrated therapy approach, community based rehabilitation programs should be initiated. A transformational approach should be implemented to make sure that all stakeholders in various special needs centres (occupational therapist, physiotherapist, psychologists, counsellors and speech and language practitioners) are fully involved in setting and reviewing policy guideline on integrated therapy approach for children with special needs. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Umma University, Kenya en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Journal of Popular Education in Africa en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries ;2523-2800
dc.subject Kenya, Mombasa en_US
dc.subject Autism Spectrum disorder en_US
dc.subject Integrated, Therapy en_US
dc.title Integrated therapy approach for children with autism spectrum disorder: case of Mombasa County, Kenya en_US
dc.type Presentation en_US


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